Beach Chemical
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Floor Care "How-To Pamphlet Series"
How To Finish Floors - How To Wet Mop - How To Buff - How To Carpet Extract
How To Scrub and Recoat Floors - How To Spray and Buff Floors - How To Strip A Floor

Carpet Glossary - Floor Care Glossary - Pitt Plastics

Beach Chemical

Dilution RatioOunces/gallonU.S. Volume Equivalents Price/Gallon1:81:121:641:256
1-to-432 One Gallon One Quart One Pint 2.00 .222.54 .031.008
1-to-1012 4 quarts2 pints2 cups3.00 .333.231.46 .012
1-to-1210 8 pints 4 cups 16 oz 4.50 .50 .346.069.018
1-to-158 16 cups 32 oz -5.25 .583.404.081.020
1-to-206 128 oz 5.75 .639.442.088.022
6.50 .722.500.100.025
7.00 .778.538.108.027
1-to-403 Metric Volume Equivalents7.75 .861.596.119.030
1-to-502 1/2 3 teaspoons = 1tablespoon = 15ml 8.25 .917.635.127.032
1-to-60 2 8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup = 118ml 9.00 1.00 .692 1.38 .035
1-to-64 2 16 tablespoons = 1 cup = 237ml 9.50 1.056 .731 .146 .037
1-to-100 1 1 fluid oz = 2 tablespoons = 30ml 11.00 1.22 .846 .169 .043
8 fluid oz = 1 cup = 237ml 12.50 1.089 .062 .192 .049
1-to-128 1
1-to-256 1/2 32 fluid oz = 4 cups = 946ml
Beach Chemical
Alkalinity Alkalinity is useful in removing acidic, fatty and oily soils. Soap and soap-based products are alkaline and perform well only in an alkaline medium. Detergent products can be formulated at any level of alkalinity, determined by the cleaning task to be performed.
Antistatic Agent A substance that reduces static electricity produced by friction. Friction causes fabric (especially man-made fabrics, such as nylon and polyester) to produce static electricity discharge.
BackingThe various materials that comprise the back of a carpet which secures the face of the carpet pile. They include primary backing, which is frequently a woven or nonwoven polypropylene, a woven jute, or cotton duck on scatter rugs. Secondary backing is fabric (usually jute, woven or nonwoven polypropylene) laminated to the back of carpet to reinforce and increase dimensional stability. Construction yarns comprising chain warp, stuffer warp, and shot fill are interwoven with the face yarn during carpet formation and are the backings of woven carpets.
BleedingRemoval of color from carpet or other floor tile material. Some carpets may bleed with hot water. Floor tile (particularly asphalt) can bleed from an excessive concentration of stripper solution.
BrightenersOptical or fluorescent enhancers found in carpet cleaning products and fabric cleaners.
BroadloomTerm of measurement that designates the width of a carpet.
Browning (Brown Out)A reaction that occurs in carpets when high pH solutions cause the carpet's natural coloring (usually jute) to travel from the carpet backing to the fiber strand and discolor the carpet. Easily cured with de-browning product applications.
Butyl CellosolveA trademark name for a water-soluble solvent frequently used in degreasing products. Actual name of slang term butyl.
Cut PileThe face of a carpet that has had the ends cut at the loops.
DigesterAn enzyme used to break down stains caused by food products and blood.
Dimensional Stability The tendency of a fabric to retain size and shape. A carpet receives additional dimensional stability from the secondary backing.
Dry Foam A detergent solution with a small amount of water that is mechanically worked into a carpet. The loose soil is removed by a vacuum after becoming encapsulated by the friable powders
Dry Rot A condition caused by an attack of microorganisms on fibers, textiles, carpets and other tearing and break down of carpet.
Filament A single continuous strand of fiber.
Gage (Gauge) The distance expressed in fractions of an inch between two needle points in carpet knitting or tufting.
Jute A natural cellulosic fiber made from certain plants of the linden family which grow in warm climates such as India and Bangladesh. Jute yarns are used in woven carpet construction as backing for the yarns and twines. Woven jute is used in tufted carpet as primary and secondary backing. The latter are similar to burlap fabrics.
Loop Pile Carpet style having a pile surface consisting of uncut loops of woven or tufted yarn. Also called round wire in woven carpet terminology.
Optical Brightener Optical brighteners take otherwise unseen reflected light and refract it in a way that allows the human eye to view it. This presents a higher gloss and protects the floor from damaging actinic UV radiation.
Pile Height The length of the extended tufts of a carpet, measured from the primary backing top surface to their tips.
Pile Density Refers to closeness of fibers in a carpet to each other. High density increases weight and quality.
Pile Setting A carpet cleaner's term for the process of erecting damp, disheveled pile following shampooing or extracting, through the use of a pile brush or pile lifting machine.
Polyester A fiber-forming thermoplastic synthetic polymer used in some carpet that is essentially staple and spun yarn.
Pre-Spot Removal of stains before more extensive carpet cleaning.
Primary Backing The carrier fabric for the pile yarn of a carpet into which the yarn tufts have been inserted.
Rotary Bonnet Carpet Cleaning A carpet cleaning technique in which a detergent solution is worked into the carpet pile by a bonnet attached to a rotary buffing machine. Loosened and suspended soil is transferred to the bonnet. Drying is normally achieved in 60 minutes or less.
Sanitizer An agent that reduces the number of bacteria to a safe level, but does not completely eliminate them as judged by public health requirements. Usually used in food service
Soil Retardant A chemical finish applied to carpet and fabric surfaces which inhibits attachment to the soil fiber.
Traffic Lane High traffic areas that show worn or soiled lanes.
Traffic Lane CleanerA heavy detergent compound used to clean high-traffic carpet areas.

AcrylicType of polymer popular for floor finishes. Also, a man-made synthetic fiber used in spun yarn to resemble wool in carpet.
AdhesionA necessary component of a floor finish, which causes it to stick to the floor rather than peel, flake or powder.
AlkaliA chemical substance with pH greater than 7 that reacts with and neutralizes an acid. Also called alkaline or base.
Alkalinity Alkalinity is useful in removing acidic, fatty and oily soils. Soap and soap-based products are alkaline and perform well only in an alkaline medium. Detergent products can be formulated at any level of alkalinity determined by the cleaning task to be performed.
Asphalt Tile A floor tile manufactured with a mixture of synthetic fibers, lime rock, mineral fillers and coloring. Asphalt is used to bind the materials together. Very porous.
Bird's Eye Circular blemishes on a polymer or wax surface caused by bubbles solidifying during application. Usually caused by agitation of the floor finish during the application or by applying heavy coats of finish. Also known as "fish eyes."
Bleeding Removal of color from carpet or other floor tile material by a liquid. Some carpets may bleed with hot water. Floor tile (particularly asphalt) can bleed from an excessive concentration of stripper solution.
Carnauba Natural polishing wax which is derived from the leaves of the carnauba palm tree in Brazil. Average yield per year from one tree is approximately four to five ounces
Ceramic Tile Clay tile with an impervious, usually glossy, layer on the surface.
Conductive Floors Special resilient tile that is designed to dissipate or prevent static electricity. Frequently used in computer rooms.
Epoxy A very hard synthetic thermosetting resin often used in floor finishes, paints, and sealers.
Fading Loss of color caused by actinic radiation such as sunlight, atmospheric gasses and cleaning or bleaching chemicals.
Fish Eyes See Bird's Eyes.